Bambusa

BAMBUSA is a genus of tropical and subtropical clumping bamboo, usually giant, with numerous branches at a node, one or two much larger than the rest.

Source: BambooWeb

Genus speciesMax Height Max Diameter Minimum Temperature Comments/Descriptions
B.arnhemica
25′4″32FFrom Northern Territory, Australia, along water courses. Dense clumps, thick culms, short internodes, low branches.
B. atra25′1.5″?Native to New Guinea, the Moluccas, and Sangihe Island. Often found on limestone. Thin-walled, tight clumping, reed-like shrub with large leaves/no low branching. Flowers nearly continuously, without dying. Related to B.forbesii – may be a Schizostachyum.
B.balcooa60′6″18FFrom India. Tangled clumps make harvest difficult. Strong, used for construction, crafts, shoots.
B.bambos100′7″27FA fast-growing species. Thick-walled, but soft. Lower branches are long, wiry, and armed with thorns. Edible shoots.
B.bashihirsuta40′3″?Erect, tight clumper. No lower branching.
B.beecheyana50′5″15FCulms with short internodes generally arch strongly and are covered with white powder when young. Edible shoots in demand. OLDER GENERATION INFECTED WITH MOSAIC POTEX VIRUS.
B.beecheyana var.
Pubescen
s
50′5″15FMore erect, thicker nodal hair, branching lower, no virus
B.bicicatricata35′3″?Thick-walled culms with convex joints.
B.bicitriatus30′2″?Thick culm wall
B.blumeana60′4″28FA tall, thorny bamboo from India and Indonesia where it is used for construction, baskets, and edible shoots.
B.boniopsis20′1″28F Thick-walled clumper with small, narrow leaves. Green culms. Recently imported from Hainan, the southernmost island province in China.
B.boniopsis cv. Yellowstripe20′1″28FA small green bamboo with thin yellow pinstripes on the lower culms.
B.burmanica50′4″32FStrong, nearly solid culms. Leaves up to 12 by 2 inches. Dense clumps, shrubby, lower branches thorny.
B.cerossima20′1″18FSimilar to Bambusa textilis var. gracilis in size, with more culm wax on new shoots.
B.chungii35′2.5″21FThin-walled culms are covered with persistent, dense white bloom, giving them a pale blue appearance. Culms covered with white powder. Used in papermaking, weaving.
B.chungii var. Barbelatta25′1.5″21FGrows to about 3/4 the size, with lighter ring of hair around new culm nodes and looser culm sheath blade.
B.contracta20′1.5″25FLike a small B.textilis with thicker, shorter internodes
B.cornigera35′4″25FCulms zigzag, and internodes are slightly curved.
B.dissimulator50′3″18FA giant tropical, produces many thick walled, arching or erect, tough culms with long branches.
B.dissemulator ‘albinodia’35′2″20FSimilar to B.dissimulator but the white rings above and below the nodes are more pronounced.
B.distegia30′4″25FA bamboo from Sichuan, China that has green internodes with a slightly bending top but not drooping. Short, small leaves. It is said to tolerate light frosts.
B.dolichoclada65′4″25FGiant green culms, branches are yellowish-green and gradually turn pale yellow
B.dolichomerithalla ‘Green stripe’35′2″15FIntroduced in 1980 from Taiwan. The culms are a waxy yellow with dark green stripes. Prone to sooty mold in S.Florida.
B.dolichomerithalla ‘Silverstripe’35′2″15FIntroduced in 1980 from Taiwan. Dark green culms with lower internodes occasionally striped with white. 
B.edulis65′3″20FA Taiwan native with large green leaves. Edible shoots
B.emeiensis35′2″24Freversion from Bambusa emeiensis ‘Viridiflavus’ without yellow stripes
Bambusa
emeiensis
‘Flavidovirens’
35′2.5″24FGreen stripes on pale green or yellow/gold culms.
Bambusa
emeiensis
 ‘Viridiflavus’
35′2.5″24FCulms erect with yellow stripes alternating 180 degrees on each internode.
B.eutuldoides45′2″15FErect, thick-walled culms; some with fine white stripes. Thick and long main branches Grown in Hong Kong area.
B.eutuldoides basistriata45′2″15FSimilar to the above except culms are variegated.
Bambusa
eutuldoides
 ‘Viridivittata’
25′1″15FYellow culms with varying dark green stripes.  New shoots have pink and peach tones. Some of the original stock was imported as Bambusa textilis Vittata.
B.forbesii
IRON RANGE BAMBOO
16′1.2″?Native to New Guinea and N.Australia. May be a Schizostachyum rather than a Bambusa.
B.flexuosa
LESSER THORNY BAMBOO
40′2.5″15FCulms thick-walled with nodding tips and zigzag lower portions. Lower branchlets specialized into tough thorns.
B.gibba25′2″24FErect young culms covered with a white bloom
B.glacuphylla15′1″30FDense, erect, bushy, variegated. Used as an ornamental hedge, easy to prune to desired shape. Previously sold as Bambusa variegata.
B.guangxiensis 18′1.5″30FCompact with lush foliage to base, excellent trimmed to a dense hedge.
B.intermedia40′3″25FYoung culms dark green, sometimes with purplish streaks.
B.lakoErect new green culms mature to shiny purple/black. Occasional stripes of green. One of the most striking of the tropical bamboos.
B.lapideaThick-walled culms slightly swollen at the base.
B.longispiculataSomewhat open, erect clump of ivory-striped green culms. All plants identified as such in Florida have been determined to be B.tulda.
B.luetostriata30′2″?Erect with full foliage on top. Young leaves variegated white/green. Culms green, intermittent white stripes.
B.maculata50′3″?From Bali; local name pring tutul. Splotchy culms when mature. Used for furniture making.
B.malingensis35′2.5″20FMore salt tolerant than most bamboos. Tight clumps with fine grained wood. Branches are slender; small leaves.
B.multiplex ‘Alphonse Karr’35′1.5″12FCulms and branches are bright yellow with irregular, longitudinal,   narrow, dark green stripes. New shoots and culms are often reddish.
B.multiplex ‘Green Alphonse’35′1.5″12FSimilar to Alphonse Karr, but the culms and branches are light green with dark green stripes.
B.multiplex ‘Fernleaf’20′.5″12FUsually small in size with 10 to 20 closely spaced, two ranked leaves. Unstable; often reverts to the larger leaves.
B.multiplex ‘Golden Goddess’12′.75″12FA dwarf form similar to Fernleaf but with larger leaves. The culms tend to be yellowish.
B.multiplex ‘Goldstripe’35′1.5″12FMature green culms have a gold stripe that bleeds into the green.
B.multiplex riviereorum6′.25″2FSolid culms and tiny leaves; similar to Fernleaf but smaller, more delicate looking. This form appears stable.
B.multiplex ‘Silverstripe’45′1.5″12FMany leaves have white stripes and some culms are also striped with white. Largest of the B.multiplex group.
B.multiplex ‘Stripestem Fernleaf’12′.5″12FSimilar to Fernleaf except that the culms are reddish or yellowish, striped with green.
B.multiplex ‘Tiny Fern’3′1/8″12FA dwarf form of riviereorum with leaves often less than 1″ long.
B.multiplex ‘Tiny Fern Striped’3′1/8″12FSame as Tiny Fern, but with striped culms.
B.multiplex ‘Willowy’20′3/4″12FCulms droop or arch strongly with small, narrow leaves.
B.nutans40′3″25FThe culms have a white ring below the nodes.
B.oldhamii55′4″22FThe culms are straight and erect with relatively short branches forming fairly open clumps. Culm walls are thick, but soft.
B.oldhamii f. revoluta55′4″22FYellow stripes on the culms on an otherwise standard oldhamii.
B.oliveriana45′2″32FDensely clumping with thick-walled, glossy green culms.
B.pachiensis33′2.5″20FErect, thick-walled culms with yellow stripes in the lower internodes.
B.pervariabilis viridistriata45′2.5″20FSimilar to the above but much more highly variegated. An extremely attractive tropical bamboo. New shoots are yellow with green stripes maturing to yellow/gold with varying dark green stripes.
B.sp. ‘polymorpha65′6″?Green culms densely covered with grayish-white silky hair; branches short, slender, dense. ID uncertain.
B.remotiflora40′3″?New shoots are purple.
B.rigida40′2.5″?Erect, tight clumper. New culms are covered with white waxy powder.
B.rutila35′2.5″?Thick-walled zigzag culms with swollen nodes and drooping tips. Thorny.
B.sinospinosa70′5″20FThick-walled zigzag culms with swollen nodes and drooping tips. Thorny.
B.stenostachya70′6″36FBasal internodes almost solid. Thorny. Culm sheaths persistent. Useful in construction.
B.subtruncata20′2″?Yellowish green longitudinal streaks on lower internodes. Similar pattern to G.maxima.
B. textilis ‘albo-straiata’ or ‘albolineata’30′2″15FSame as above except culms are white-striped in irregular longitudinal
B.textilis glabra25′1.5″15FA slightly more open clumper than the type.  Random bluish-white bloom. Overall size about the same as Gracilis. Culms glabrous (smooth).
B.textilis gracilis25′1.25″15FCulms more slender than the typical B.textilis; nodding top.  Graceful foliage. Makes an excellent hedge or screen.
B.textilis cv. maculata25′1″15FTight clumper, about 2″ between culms. Very erect culms. Base of shoot sheaths have purple streaks.
B.textilis ‘Scranton’40′2″15FDistinct appearance. This textilis variety has very short branches giving it a unique feature on an otherwise standard form. Originated from S. Scranton’s cultivar.
B.textilis ‘Kanaphaha’50′2.5″15FThis is the variety of Bambusa textilis growing at Kanapaha Botanical Gardens in Gainesville, FL. Straight canes with long internodes have a whitish bloom. Very rare and highly sought-after. The largest textilis.
B.tulda70′4″27FThe large, straight, thick-walled culms are one of the most useful of any tropical bamboo grown in the U.S.
B.tulda striata70′4″27FSame as B.tulda but with striped culms.
%d bloggers like this: