Chusquea

CHUSQEUA is a genus of American bamboo that contains about 200 species, mostly clumping mountain bamboos. The solid culms usually bear one dominant branch and numerous branchlets at mid-culm nodes.

Genus speciesMax HeightMax DiameterMinimum TemperatureComments/Description
C.“breviglumis” Hort.20′1 1/2″ 0FAn unidentified species, formerly sold as C.breviglumis, closely allied to C.culeou. Many branches per node; one to three dominant. New shoots are red.
C.circinata22′1″25FArching culms. From central and southern Mexico.
C.coroanalis23′3/4″25FA clumping bamboo with numerous tiny leaves on branchlets that encircle the culms.
C.culeou15′1″0FHardy clumper from southern Chile, long cultivated in Europe. Has many branches per node, all equal in size.
C.cumingii12′3/4″32FNative to semiarid central Chile. Coastal range on exposed slopes. Sometimes clambering. Numerous tiny stiff leaves. May withstand light frost.
C.liebmanii33′1″32FCulms strongly arching, sometimes clambering. Lower nodes encircled by root thorns. From Mexico & Costa Rica.
C.macrostachya15′1/2″0FNative to southern Chile where it grows at elevations up to 3000 feet.
C.mimosa australis?1/2″28FFrom southern Brazil. Small leaves on stiff branches.
C.sp.”nigricans”15′1/2″0FNative to southern Chile where it grows near sphagnum peat bogs.
C.pittieri50′2″22FThe culms grow up then arch over and hang down or climb on trees. One of the largest species of the genus.
C.simpliciflora50′3/8″32FThis trailing bamboo climbs and hangs from surrounding vegetation.
C.uliginosa15′1/2″0FNative to southern Chile
C.valdiviensis80′1″0FA climbing bamboo from southern Chile, formerly sold as C.quila. Climbs to reach the light.
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