Gigantochloa

GIGANTOCHLOA is a genus of giant, tropical, clumping bamboo similar to Bambusa. Rarely flower or come true from seed, and may be “natural hybrids.”

Genus speciesMax HeightMax DiameterMinimum TemperatureComments/Description
G.albociliata35′2″30FShrubby. The fully grown culm often bends down to the ground. Large branches at base. smaller near tip.
G.apus65′4″27FThis Java native has large leaves and thick-walled culms which are densely hairy when young. Clump growth is fairly open, with culms erect or arching above.
G.atroviolacea40′3″28FTight clumping at the base – open at the top. New culms turn black within one year, displaying irregular green vertical stripes. Edible shoots. A highly sought after tropical bamboo species in South Florida.
G.atroviolacea ‘Watupawan’52′4″25FA faster growing version of Gigantochloa atroviolacea with green culms, black striation and black patches.
G.atter70′8″28FCulms erect, straight and easily worked. Edible shoots.
G.levis45′5″28FYoung culm densely covered with brown or white tomenta, turning whitish gray when full grown.  Edible shoots.
G.ligulata30′1.5″?Plants are from the seed of the plant at Quail labeled Gigantochloa verticillata. Dr. Widjaja has identified the parent plant as Gigantochloa ligulata ‘Striped’.
G.hasskarliana30′2.5″28FFrom west Indonesia. Dense with large leaves.
G.pseudoarundinacea
syn. G.verticillata
G.maxima
80′6″28FTight clumping erect, long internodes, nodding apically. Often yellow-striped on lower culm internodes. Usually branchless for twenty or more joints. Edible shoots
G.pseudoarundinacia
var. minor
45′4″28FCulms highly variegated with cream colored stripes. Until recently, this smaller variety of G.pseudoarundinacia was somehow referred to as G.maxima in Florida.
G.robusta60′3.5″?Large, erect, and strong.¬† From Java and Sumatra. Used for pipes, construction, handicrafts, shoots. Yellow stripes near base.
G.sumatra30′2″28FLavender stripes on the new culms. When mature, the stripes fade and the culms turn a burnt orange color. Good container pant. Erect and neat.

G.sp. ‘Hitam Hijau’20′1.5″28FHitam Hijau means black and green. Very dark green culms with occasional white stripes and dramatically arching tops.
G.wrayii35′3″30FCulms with long internodes are erect or arching outwards. Sometimes yellow-striped on lower internodes.

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